Here are two videos that cover the first half of the APUSH Curriculum that will help prepare you for any midterm you will take. Best of luck!
William Lloyd Garrison
William Lloyd Garrison published the weekly abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator from 1831 – 1865. A staunch abolitionist, Garrison sought the immediate and uncompensated (that is, not paying slaveowners for giving up their slaves) end to slavery. He did not favor plans set forth by organizations such as the American Colonization Society, which sought to gradually end slavery. His harsh writings offended some, for which he was unapologetic, as seen in this excerpt from the very first issue of The Liberator in January, 1831:
“I am aware that many object to the severity of my language; but is there not cause for severity? I will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice. On this subject, I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. No! No! Tell a man whose house is on fire to give a moderate alarm; tell him to moderately rescue his wife from the hands of the ravisher; tell the mother to gradually extricate her babe from the fire into which it has fallen;—but urge me not to use moderation in a cause like the present. I am in earnest—I will not equivocate—I will not excuse—I will not retreat a single inch—AND I WILL BE HEARD. The apathy of the people is enough to make every statue leap from its pedestal, and to hasten the resurrection of the dead.”
Tips for Garrison for the test:
Multiple-Choice and Short Answer:
With any document, think about who would agree and disagree with Garrison’s views:
- Agree – abolitionists, those that advocated women’s rights (Women’s Rights and Abolitionism were closely linked)
- Disagree – plantation owners, southerners (Southerners such as John C. Calhoun began to counter arguments by Garrison and others in 1837 that slavery was a “Positive Good”
- Any essay about abolitionism should include Garrison and The Liberator
- Being able to compare Garrison’s views with other abolitionist goals and plans, such as the American Colonization Society
Other Abolitionists You Should Be Familiar With Can Be Found Here:
Short Answer questions are a new part of the exam and count for 20% of your total score. Every Short Answer question will have three parts to answer. Each part (a, b, and c) should be answered in 2-3 sentences with specific historical evidence. Do not write too much info or you could run out of time and space. Furthermore, make sure you label your answers a, b, and c.
Here are tips for Short Answer Questions!
Short Answer Type #1: No documents
This type of Short Answer will have three different tasks related to a similar theme. This could include: briefly explaining a cause of an event (a), briefly explaining a short-term event of the event (b), and briefly explaining a long-term cause of an event (c).
Here’s an example of this type of question:
Answer all 3 parts:
- Briefly explain one reason for European exploration in the 15th – 17th centuries
- Briefly explain one impact of European contact on the Americas
- Briefly explain one impact of European contact on Europe
Short Answer Type #2: No documents, but three events to choose from
This type of Short Answer will provide 3 bulleted events/terms/people to choose from that relate to a similar theme. This could have you: explain why one of the choices is the most significant event related to the theme (a), providing historical evidence to back up your assertion (b), and contrasting your choice against another one, explaining why the other is not as good of a choice (c).
Here’s an example of this type of question:
a) Briefly explain why one of the following could be seen as a major reason for calls for significant revisions to the Articles of Confederation:
- Difficulties over trade
- Difficulties over finacnes
- Internal Unrest
b) Support your choice with at lest one piece of historical evidence
c) Contrast your choice against another and briefly explain why it is not as good of a choice
Short Answer Type #3: 1 document, most likely a political cartoon/illustration
This type of Short Answer will provide a visual related to a historical theme. After briefly examining the theme you could be asked to: explain the point of view of the author – potentially the view on different themes (a), how the visual expressed that point of view (b), and one piece of historical evidence that either supports or opposes the view (c).
Short Answer Type #4: 2 documents, most likely opposing views of an event/time period
This type of Short Answer will provide two different readings about a similar event/time period/topic. After reading both documents, you could be asked to: summarize the differences between the points of view of the authors (a) – please make sure you specifically state how the authors views are DIFFERENT, provide one piece of historical evidence that supports one author (b), and provide one piece of historical evidence that supports the other author (c).
With all Short Answer Questions, please pay special attention to the dates. Figure out what time period it relates to and include information from THOSE YEARS ONLY!
“Yes, I didn’t shoot Henry Clay, and I didn’t hang John C. Calhoun.” That was how Andrew Jackson responded as he was close to death. Most people, I imagine, reflect on life and wish they did more – travelled more, spent more time with family and friends, and were happier. I guess for our 7th president, he wished he had done more killing.
Jackson, never one to let go of a grudge, held on to his hatred for these two men for over twenty years. By the way, Calhoun was Jackson’s Vice-President during his first term.
If you would like to know why Jackson had such deep hatred for these men, check out the videos below:
The Corrupt Bargain of 1824 (AKA, Why He Hated Henry Clay)
The Nullification Crisis (AKA, Why He Hated John C. Calhoun)
***For more info on this and the life of Henry Clay, check out Robert Remini’s EXCELLENT book, Henry Clay, Statesman for the Union.***
Why Pitbull and Chris Brown should have taken APUSH……
I don’t know for sure, but I’m guessing that Pitbull and Chris Brown did not take APUSH. If they did, they forgot an important concept from the course; the definition of international.
Released in 2011, the song focuses on places Pitbull has traveled through his stardom. What I want to focus on is the chorus of the song, which is sung by Chris Brown:
You put it down like New York City
I never sleep
Wild like Los Angeles
Hotter than Miami
I feel the heat
Ohh, girl, this international love
Ohh, this international love
Inter means 2 or more. (For example, in the court case Gibbons v. Ogden, John Marshall stated that only Congress can control INTERstate trade – trade between two or more states.) For more info on that court case and other John Marshall cases, click here:
In the chorus, Pitbull and Chris Brown mention cities that are located ONLY in the United States; thus it is not international love. It should be intranational (intra, meaning within the country) love.
Make sure you understand this important concept in APUSH.